1. Use physical objects, pictures, movements, etc. to teach. Chinese words are divided into real words and virtual words. The explanation of real words is relatively straightforward. Nouns can be taught by objects, pictures, etc., such as hands, feet, houses, etc. Verbs can be expressed by means of actions, etc. For example, "Kai" and "Guan": the teacher repeatedly said that while opening the door and closing the door, opening the window and closing the window., students will naturally understand the meaning of these two verbs. It is important to note that when interpreting words, you must provide accurate and clear pronunciation so that students can get the correct voice image from the beginning. At the same time, we must pay attention to the students’ ability to accept, we can't teach too many words at once, so as not to make students' memories confusing and reduce their learning efficiency.
2. Teach vocabulary in the right context. A lot of words are not easy to explain, but if you fit them into the right context, students will not only understand the meaning of the words but also know the circumstances under which they can use them.
For example, to explain the word “Fangxin”, it is difficult for us to explain it in the corresponding interlanguage. Put it in the situation and do this: first, tell the student that the word can be used in affirmation, negation or question, and then specifically describe the situation: a friend's child is only two years old. On weekends, the couple can't take care of the child, but leaving a two-year-old child alone at home will be very dangerous so they are not “Fangxin” to do that. Because I can take care of children, so my friends are very “Fangxin" to let me take care of the child. Then make a sentence: "Friends are not ‘Fangxin’ to leave their children alone at home." "How can my friends rest ‘Fangxin’ that the child is at home alone?" Or "I help my friends take care of their child, they are very ‘Fangxin’." You can also continue to provide similar situations to help students deepen their understanding.
3. Use Chinese folk songs, hieroglyphics, idiom stories, tongue twisters, riddles, etc. to assist vocabulary teaching. Integrating Chinese cultural elements into the study of baisc Chinese vocabulary
not only enhances students' interest in learning but also spreads Chinese culture well. For example, the author tells the students that every Chinese character used to be a picture, and then wrote pictograms and simplified characters on the blackboard, such as “day”, “month”, “mountain” and “water”, to let students do the connection. Ask the second question when they complete the task: guess the meaning of the simplified character based on the pattern. Students learn the words while also feeling the unique charm of Chinese characters.