The implementation of immersion teaching method can be divided into three modes: early immersion mode, intermediate immersion mode and terminal immersion mode.
Early immersion modes are divided into "full immersion" and "partial immersion." "Total immersion" teaching means that children only use Chinese as the language of instruction from preschool to the first and second grade of primary school, and children communicate with each other in and out of school in their study and life. From second grade to third grade, the school teaches courses with their native languages. The proportion of teaching hours in the mother tongue gradually increased from 20% to 50%. "Partial immersion" teaching means that students learn Chinese and mother tongue simultaneously from preschool to seventh and eighth grade, that is, 50% of the total teaching hours are taught in Chinese and 50% in mother tongue. The difference between "total immersion" teaching and "partial immersion" teaching is that "total immersion" teaching precedes the learning of the first language. In "partial immersion" instruction, the learning of two languages begins simultaneously.
"Intermediate Immersion" mode of teaching means that students begin to use the second language as the primary language of instruction from the fourth or fifth grade. While prior instruction was primarily taught in the first language, the second language learning accounted for only 20 percent of the total number of teaching hours, or 30 to 60 minutes per day, to prepare students for future "immersion" bilingual instruction. In intermediate immersion, about half of the school curriculum is taught in a second language, with 50 percent of the total hours taught in the mother tongue and 50 percent in the target language.
Students who participate in the practice of "terminal immersion" begin to learn a second language extensively and intensively in school later than "intermediate immersion," typically starting in the first or second year of junior high school and finishing high school. Before that, students were taught a second language for 45 to 60 minutes a day, depending on the area, starting in first grade to lay the groundwork for future "best mandarin immersion programs
" bilingual learning. In the late "immersion" in the process of teaching practice, in order to consolidate and enhance the level of the students' second language, in addition to mother tongue language learning courses, the school will be using the second language as most of the discipline of teaching language subject (that is, learning the medium), such as history, geography, mathematics curriculum, and allows students to take 40% in French is the language of instruction of the course.