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Kunming College of Eastern Language
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Tips for Learning Mandarin

Tip 1
Find out the corresponding rules between Mandarin and one's own dialect to strengthen memory. The differences between various dialects and Putonghua are mainly manifested in pronunciation, and scarcely in vocabulary and grammar. The differences in pronunciation are mainly shown as follows: the flat and raised tongue sounds are not distinguished in most areas, “n” and “l” are not distinguished, “eng”, “ing”, “e”, “uo” and other finals are missing, and the round lip degree of finals of most people is not enough. Based on these characteristics, students can find out the corresponding rules between dialects and Putonghua, then practice and memorize difficult points more often.

Tip 2
Try to read with full breath, read clearly and complete reading process. That is, the initial consonant, vowel and tone of a word should be read out aloud and clearly, especially the vowel, can not be ambiguous. And the rhyme head, rhyme belly and rhyme tail should be read clearly. For example, the pronunciation of "响" should be read as "x-i-ǎ-ng (initial consonant-rhyme head-rhyme belly-rhyme tail)" instead of "x-ng (initial consonant-rhyme tail)" or "x-i-ng (initial consonant-rhyme head-rhyme tail)".

Tip 3
Pay attention to the pronunciation of the words that are required to read in soft voice. In addition to them, many function words are also read in soft tones, such as structural auxiliary words "de", "di" and "de", dynamic auxiliary words "zhe", "le" and "guo", directional verbs "lai" and "qu", and "men" that represents plural numbers.

Tip 4
Pay attention to the pronunciation of polysyllabic words. Because polysyllabic words are connected with front and back words and have certain context, their sounds, rhymes and tones cannot be read out completely like those of monosyllabic words, and they will change due to the influence of front and back words. In short, the pronunciation of a word can't be popped up one by one, but one phase should be read together.

Tip 5
When interpreting and reading articles, one must correctly express the feelings of the articles. When reading works, attention should be paid to pause, stress, tone and rhythm. In other words, where to stop and how long to stop; where is the stress, and where should read lightly; in a passage, which words should be connected, which words should not be connected, and which words should be the key point; the voice form of the whole sentence is up or down, strong or weak, urgent or slow. These should be savored carefully and practiced more.

Tips for Learning Mandarin